What Are The

Causes of Water Pollution

Eutrophication and Water Pollution

Eutrophication is when the environment becomes enriched with nutrients. This can be a problem in marine habitats such as lakes as it can cause algal blooms.   Fertilisers are often used in farming, sometimes these fertilisers run-off into nearby water causing an...

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Global Warming and Water Pollution

An increase in water temperature can result in the death of many aquatic organisms and disrupt many marine habitats. For example, a rise in water temperatures causes coral bleaching of reefs around the world. This is when the coral expels the microorganisms of which...

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Atmospheric Water Pollution

Atmospheric deposition is the pollution of water caused by air pollution.   In the atmosphere, water particles mix with carbon dioxide sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, this forms a weak acid. Air pollution means that water vapour absorbs more of these gases and...

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Underground Storage Leakages

A tank or piping network that has at least 10 percent of its volume underground is known as an underground storage tank (UST). They often store substances such as petroleum, that are harmful to the surrounding environment should it become contaminated. Many UST’s...

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Oil Pollution in Water

Oceans are polluted by oil on a daily basis from oil spills, routine shipping, run-offs and dumping.   Oil spills make up about 12% of the oil that enters the ocean. The rest come from shipping travel, drains and dumping. An oil spill from a tanker is a severe problem...

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Nuclear Waste and Water Pollution

Nuclear waste is produced from industrial, medical and scientific processes that use radioactive material. Nuclear waste can have detrimental effects on marine habitats. Nuclear waste comes from a number of sources:   Operations conducted by nuclear power stations...

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Industrial Water and Water Pollution

Industry is a huge source of water pollution, it produces pollutants that are extremely harmful to people and the environment. Many industrial facilities use freshwater to carry away waste from the plant and into rivers, lakes and oceans. Pollutants from industrial...

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Marine Dumping & Water Pollution

Dumping of litter in the sea can cause huge problems. Litter items such as 6-pack ring packaging can get caught in marine animals and may result in death. Different items take different lengths of time to degrade in water:   Cardboard – Takes 2 weeks to degrade....

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Sewage and Wastewater Pollution

Domestic households, industrial and agricultural practices produce wastewater that can cause pollution of many lakes and rivers.   Sewage is the term used for wastewater that often contains faeces, urine and laundry waste. There are billions of people on Earth, so...

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